2015-06-19 16:40:48 来源： 点击：
ITALIAN cities such as Florence and Venice have long made a mint 1 the architectural wonders built when they were financial centres. China has been slower to capitalise 2 the physical remains 3 past commercial glory in Pingyao, an urban backwater 4 inland Shanxi province, which was China's banking hub in the 19th century. Today tourists flock 5 the walled city, 6 its unusually well-preserved houses built between the 17th and 19th centuries. But restoring its former wealth remains elusive.
The most-visited attraction in modern Pingyao is the Rishengchang Draft Bank, which in 1823 became the first in China to issue cheques. The city lay 7 the path of a lucrative trade route. The bank's manager spied a business opportunity when he saw silver shipments passing each other 8 opposite direction. He replaced pricey security, wagons and pack animals 9 a clearing house.
The bank spawned around 50 competitors across Shanxi (nearly half in Pingyao) 10 hundreds of branches 11 the empire. At the time Chinese bankers were held 12 lower esteem than peasants and tradesmen. They tried to keep staff honest 13 making them pledge their homes and even to surrender their families 14 slaves 15 they committed fraud; investors had no control 16 the banks' daily operations.
But it was not the staff that did for the banks. They collapsed soon after the Qing dynasty's demise in 1911. The government withdrew its remittance business, currency unification removed the need 17 the silver trade 18 cities and competition grew 19 modern banks.
1 from；2 on；3 of；4 in；5 to；6 with；7 on；8 in；9 with；10 with；11 across； 12 in；13 by； 14 as； 15 if；16 over；17 for；18 between；19 from；
1. Conference on Disarmament；
2. the 2015 White House Conference on Aging；
3. the 2014 Asian Conference on the Life Sciences and Sustainability；
4. the Fifth International Conference on Communications and Electronics；
5. the Third International Conference on Communications and Information Technology；
1. Agreement on Rules of Origin (原产地规则协议);
2. Agreement on Safeguards (WTO保障措施协议);
3. the Rio+20 Treaty on Higher Education;
4. Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks;
5. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT);
6. the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS);
1. Sharia Law on Divorce；
2. Common Law on Trademark Abandonment；
3. Law on the Protection of Trademarks and other Signs；
4. Law on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property；
5. Law on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women；
1. rise in population of elderly；
2. 16% rise in population;
3. a spike in investment activity;
4. huge spike in London hotel investment in Q1;
5. an increase in cost of living;
6. a surprise drop in US job creation;
7. drop in unemployment;
8. a decline in domestic violence;
1. As population ages, driving issues will increase.
2. As Connecticut population ages, elder abuse rises.
3. As pollution worsens, China turns to big data.
4. Texas pollution worsens as budget shrinks for regulators.
5. China’s manufacturers feel the squeeze as costs rise.