010-85800997

环球语翼多年翻译经验整理的英文论文写作常用词汇和短语

2015-06-25 14:06:06   来源:自撰    点击:


环球语翼经过多年的翻译经验整理汇总了一些专业词汇,希望大家也能用得上:
 
差别 gaps between, differentiate between, discrepancies,no intergroup difference
 
No statistically significant differences in survival were found for MMC or MPMA.
 
Although MMC and MPMA decreased with increasing nuclear grade and TNM stage, this difference failed to achieve statistical significance.
这几年看文献和写论文的时候整理了一些写作常用词汇和短语,希望大家也能用得上:
 
差别 gaps between, differentiate between, discrepancies,no intergroup difference
 
No statistically significant differences in survival were found for MMC or MPMA.
 
Although MMC and MPMA decreased with increasing nuclear grade and TNM stage, this difference failed to achieve statistical significance.
 
存在,出现 occurred, occurrence ,existed, existence, presence, present
 
多数,少数 the overwhelming majority of, in the majority of cases ,a marked majority, handful
 
方法 approaches, avenues, methods, techniques, means, tools
 
发生率 Incidence, frequency, prevalence
 
In contrast with regions of high incidence, the mutation spectrum did not show a high prevalence of mutations at A:T base pairs.
 
发现,阐明,报道,证实 verify, confirm, elucidate, identify, define, characterize, clarify, establish, ascertain, explain, observe, illuminate, illustrate,demonstrate, show, indicate, exhibit, presented, reveal, display, manifest,suggest, propose, estimate, prove, imply, disclose,report, describe,facilitate the identification of ,screening ,isolation
 
改变 change, alteration,
 
高,增加 high, enhanced, elevated, increased, forced
 
各种,多种 in multiple types of neoplasia, in various types of apoptosis, in a variety of tumors
 
关系,相关,参与 closely involved in, associated,
 
广泛的 in an extensive survey
 
进行 conducte, perform, carry out,
 
降,少,缺 decrease, reduction, reduced, diminish, loss, suppression, deficient, low, weak, faint, light, absence, absent, undetectable, lack ,defective, negative,poor,impaired, greatly reduced or completely absent, frequently lost or down-expressed, presented discontinuous and weaker expression, completely negative, was not detectable or dramatically reduced, very faint, was undetectable or barely detectable, no expression was found,
 
角色,起作用 role, part (limited, potential, early, possible role),serve antiapoptotic functions
 
可能性 feasibility
 
密切地 intimately
 
难理解的,似谜的 enigmatic (x remains enigmatic)
 
潜在假定的 potential, candidate, putative,
 
缩写 abbreviations
 
识别,辨别 discernment
 
事件
 
Metastasis to the liver is a common event in clinical oncology.
 
a putative tumor initiating event
 
a (more, extremely, highly, rather, fairly) common initial,
 
a common event in the signal transduction mechanisms of, in the signal transduction processes
 
a common event associated with the mechanisms of
 
a common early event in responses of, after high-dose chemotherapy
 
a common event following gestational exposure to immunotoxicants
 
a common event (that occurs) during apoptosis is……
 
a common event during oncogenic transformation, in neoplastic transformation that directly or indirectly involves activation of specific tyrosine kinase signaling pathways
 
a common event through which
 
a common event in vivo
 
a rather common event of unknown biological significance
 
a common event resulting from heterogeneous aberrations
 
a common event regardless of histological subtyping, but does not bear any pejorative significance
 
a common event contributing to
 
a rare, common, prerequisite, central, major, transient, initiation, stressful, critical, crucial, secondary, independent, regulatory, early, earlier, late, later, subsequent, circumstantial, untoward, upstream, irreversible, very frequent event
 
提供,帮助 provide, supply, help (to), contribute to, offer, allow, dedicate, devote, assist in
 
调节(失调,上调,下调)dis-regulation, dys-regulation, up-regulation, up-expression, over-expression, down-expression, down-regulation,
 
推测 presume,speculate ,confer, conjecture ,guess, deduce,deduction (推论)
 
无所不在地 (表达,如 MEN1)ubiquitously
 
显著, 优先的 prominent, pronounced, obvious, marked, predominant, strong, striking ,notable, Conspicuously, remarkably,significant, preferential, prevalence, prevalent,
 
相关性
 
related, more relevant with ,the relevance of
 
no intergroup difference,irrespective of
 
There was no significant correlation to gender, age, clinical symptoms, histology, T or N status, TNM stage, or tumor location.
 
Neither eNOS nor nNOS expression was associated with vascular density, tumor grade or the TNM status of the tumors.
 
No correlations were found between bFGF and age, menopausal status, TNM or pTNM, histology, SBR grading or steroid receptors.
 
we did not find any correlation between bax expression and any clinicopathologic parameters (sex, age, TNM status, tumor grade, histological type).
 
相同,同等并列
 
The coordinated induction of all three FOXO3a targets prompted us to examine the status of FOXO3a itself
 
with a similar pattern to
 
协同,加强
 
synergize with
 
研究 analysis, survey, study, research, investigation, experiments, trial, observations, assessment, inquiry, examinations ,pursue investigation into, analyze, detect, determinate, be focused on, measure, examine, test, assess, evaluate, explore,
 
一致
 
which is in accord with the results
 
which corroborated the results
 
which supported the results
 
优缺点 merits and drawbacks,beneficial and detrimental
 
异常 aberration, abnormality
 
重要 crucial, key, important, major, be of critical importance
 
相反
 
On the contrary,
 
In contrary,
 
but quite on the contrary
 
in sharp contrast,
 
contrary to what would be expected
 
Contrary to the expectation that
 
Contrary to previous beliefs,
 
Contrary to the hypothesis,
 
Contrary to current popular truisms
 
Contrary to current cognitive theories,
 
However, contrary to expectation,…….
 
Contrary to predictions,…
 
in contrast to previous observations…
 
Contrary to prediction,……
 
Contrary to most previous claims,
 
与一起 in combination with, coupled with
 
由于、鉴于
 
In light of
 
In view that
 
 
存在,出现 occurred, occurrence ,existed, existence, presence, present
 
多数,少数 the overwhelming majority of, in the majority of cases ,a marked majority, handful
 
方法 approaches, avenues, methods, techniques, means, tools
 
发生率 Incidence, frequency, prevalence
 
In contrast with regions of high incidence, the mutation spectrum did not show a high prevalence of mutations at A:T base pairs.
 
发现,阐明,报道,证实 verify, confirm, elucidate, identify, define, characterize, clarify, establish, ascertain, explain, observe, illuminate, illustrate,demonstrate, show, indicate, exhibit, presented, reveal, display, manifest,suggest, propose, estimate, prove, imply, disclose,report, describe,facilitate the identification of ,screening ,isolation
 
改变 change, alteration,
 
高,增加 high, enhanced, elevated, increased, forced
 
各种,多种 in multiple types of neoplasia, in various types of apoptosis, in a variety of tumors
 
关系,相关,参与 closely involved in, associated,
 
广泛的 in an extensive survey
 
进行 conducte, perform, carry out,
 
降,少,缺 decrease, reduction, reduced, diminish, loss, suppression, deficient, low, weak, faint, light, absence, absent, undetectable, lack ,defective, negative,poor,impaired, greatly reduced or completely absent, frequently lost or down-expressed, presented discontinuous and weaker expression, completely negative, was not detectable or dramatically reduced, very faint, was undetectable or barely detectable, no expression was found,
 
角色,起作用 role, part (limited, potential, early, possible role),serve antiapoptotic functions
 
可能性 feasibility
 
密切地 intimately
 
难理解的,似谜的 enigmatic (x remains enigmatic)
 
潜在假定的 potential, candidate, putative,
 
缩写 abbreviations
 
识别,辨别 discernment
 
事件
 
Metastasis to the liver is a common event in clinical oncology.
 
a putative tumor initiating event
 
a (more, extremely, highly, rather, fairly) common initial,
 
a common event in the signal transduction mechanisms of, in the signal transduction processes
 
a common event associated with the mechanisms of
 
a common early event in responses of, after high-dose chemotherapy
 
a common event following gestational exposure to immunotoxicants
 
a common event (that occurs) during apoptosis is……
 
a common event during oncogenic transformation, in neoplastic transformation that directly or indirectly involves activation of specific tyrosine kinase signaling pathways
 
a common event through which
 
a common event in vivo
 
a rather common event of unknown biological significance
 
a common event resulting from heterogeneous aberrations
 
a common event regardless of histological subtyping, but does not bear any pejorative significance
 
a common event contributing to
 
a rare, common, prerequisite, central, major, transient, initiation, stressful, critical, crucial, secondary, independent, regulatory, early, earlier, late, later, subsequent, circumstantial, untoward, upstream, irreversible, very frequent event
 
提供,帮助 provide, supply, help (to), contribute to, offer, allow, dedicate, devote, assist in
 
调节(失调,上调,下调)dis-regulation, dys-regulation, up-regulation, up-expression, over-expression, down-expression, down-regulation,
 
推测 presume,speculate ,confer, conjecture ,guess, deduce,deduction (推论)
 
无所不在地 (表达,如 MEN1)ubiquitously
 
显著, 优先的 prominent, pronounced, obvious, marked, predominant, strong, striking ,notable, Conspicuously, remarkably,significant, preferential, prevalence, prevalent,
 
相关性
 
related, more relevant with ,the relevance of
 
no intergroup difference,irrespective of
 
There was no significant correlation to gender, age, clinical symptoms, histology, T or N status, TNM stage, or tumor location.
 
Neither eNOS nor nNOS expression was associated with vascular density, tumor grade or the TNM status of the tumors.
 
No correlations were found between bFGF and age, menopausal status, TNM or pTNM, histology, SBR grading or steroid receptors.
 
we did not find any correlation between bax expression and any clinicopathologic parameters (sex, age, TNM status, tumor grade, histological type).
 
相同,同等并列
 
The coordinated induction of all three FOXO3a targets prompted us to examine the status of FOXO3a itself
 
with a similar pattern to
 
协同,加强
 
synergize with
 
研究 analysis, survey, study, research, investigation, experiments, trial, observations, assessment, inquiry, examinations ,pursue investigation into, analyze, detect, determinate, be focused on, measure, examine, test, assess, evaluate, explore,
 
一致
 
which is in accord with the results
 
which corroborated the results
 
which supported the results
 
优缺点 merits and drawbacks,beneficial and detrimental
 
异常 aberration, abnormality
 
重要 crucial, key, important, major, be of critical importance
 
相反
 
On the contrary,
 
In contrary,
 
but quite on the contrary
 
in sharp contrast,
 
contrary to what would be expected
 
Contrary to the expectation that
 
Contrary to previous beliefs,
 
Contrary to the hypothesis,
 
Contrary to current popular truisms
 
Contrary to current cognitive theories,
 
However, contrary to expectation,…….
 
Contrary to predictions,…
 
in contrast to previous observations…
 
Contrary to prediction,……
 
Contrary to most previous claims,
 
与一起 in combination with, coupled with
 
由于、鉴于
 
In light of
 
In view that
 

 

  此文是经过北京环球语翼文化传播有限公司人员整理发布。