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写好SCI论文中的实验部分重中之重,总结如何运用时态

2018-09-06 15:07:30   来源:    点击:


      实验结果部分是SCI论文的重中之重,我们用introduction包装文章所讲的故事,升华文章的意义都是为了向读者更好的讲述实验结果。

     然而写作Results部分,却让很多人望而生畏。今天我们来说说Results部分的常用句式。

结果部分的写作是SCI论文写作的第一步,单从英文写作的角度讲这部分很容易写,我们要做的只是要去描述实验结果,这一部分只需要一种时态——过去时。

在结果描述的过程中,我们还需要分段总结实验结果,使每段内容的含义更好的被理解,这些总结的语句一般用一般现在时。

结果部分还需要一些承上启下的连接语句,或者补充introduction中没讲完全的内容时,其时态需要单独分析。下面分别针对这三部分内容给童鞋们写一些例句。

描述结果部分的常用句式:

xxx experiment was performed to identify/demonstrate xxx.

Decreased mRNA/protein levels of xxx were observed in xxx

mRNA analysis of xxx, showed significant increases of xxx.

To explore the function of xxx, we did xxx.

RT-PCR analysis showed a higher expression level of xxx mRNA in xxx than in xxx.

xxx treatment affected something, indicating the role for xxx.

Drug A application increased xxx

This finding was consistent with the previous finding that xxx.

Our data demonstrated that xxx plays a role in xxx

Ligation and puncture in mice resulted in xxx.

The number of cells surrounding the xxx was increased.

我们在描述实验结果的时候,为了表达一些分子或者蛋白水平的改变,最常用的词就是increase和decrease,不过increase和decrease最好不要出现在同一句子中。

那么如何表达“xxx表达的增加因为某种处理而下降”呢,这时候可以恰当使用高级词汇:

The increase in the expression of xxx was abrogated upon xxx treatment.

The elevation in the expression of xxx was decreased upon xxx treatment.

为了让我们的结果更容易被理解,最好每一小段文字的结尾都有一句总结的文字,顺便还可以解释一下实验结果说明了什么:

Therefore, the goal of this study is to demonstrate xxx.

Thus, xxx signaling pathway could be a novel target for the treatment of xxx

These results suggest that xxx mediates xxx and the subsequent downstream signaling events.

Taken together, our data indicate that xxx.

除了描述结果和总结结果,在结果部分还需要用一些承上启下的语句,其目的就是把各个部分的结果连接起来,让整个结果部分变成一个连贯的整体,就好像在讲一个完整的故事一样,这样才方便读者阅读理解。

常用的句式和段落承接方法有:

Previous report that xxx, led us to assess the effect of xxx on xxx.

We next asked whether xxx was required for xxx process.

Having shown that xxx, we thus speculate that xxx.

According to the finding that xxx, one may note that xxx, so we performed xxx experiment.

Having demonstrated that, we investigated that xxx.

To discover additional xxx, we conducted xxx experiment.

这些就是SCI论文结果部分的常用句式了,熟练掌握这些句式的应用,把自己的data变成results那是妥妥的。
     学术论文中的时态问题比较关键,如果更好的运用好时态问题请关注北京环球语翼文化传播有限公司www.gbtranswins.com
 

标签:SCI论文 时态